Thursday, April 2, 2015


STRESS!!!!!!!!. This is how you feel when writing your thesis. Below are the simple words that you can use in your thesis.... hope can help you start writing.

Problem Statement
An experimental investigation was conducted to explore …
The effect of …… is numerically investigated for Reynolds number range of …
This article provides numerically study of the …..
In this study, ….. was analyzed.
This article presents an exhaustive review of these studies and suggests a direction for future

The results reveal that …
Based on the results, ….
The calculation in this work suggest that ….
The results also show that …
The results of the numerical simulation indicate that the ….
It was found that …

General descriptions of the relevant literature:
Researchers have studied the effect of ...
Previous studies have primarily concentrated on …
There have been several studies in the literature reporting ….
A considerable amount of literature has been published on X. These studies ....
There is a large volume of published studies describing ....
The first serious discussions and analyses of X emerged during the 1980s with ....
During the past 30 years much more information has become available on ....
In recent years, there has been an increasing amount of literature on ....
A large and growing body of literature has investigated ....
In recent years, several studies have focused on …

General reference to previous research
Many researchers have argued that .... [1-3].
There is a consensus among social scientisits that ....[1-3].
Numerous studies have attempted to explain .... [1-3]
Recent evidence suggests that .... [1-3]
Several attempts have been made to .... [1-3]
Several studies have revealed that ..... [1-3]
Several studies investigating X have been carried out on ....[1-3]
Previous studies have reported .... [1-3].
Previous research findings into X have been inconsistent and contradictory [1-3]
A number of studies have found that .... [1-3].
A number of study analyses have examined the relationship between .... [1-3]
The relationship between X and Y has been widely investigated [1-3]
The causes of X have been widely investigated [1-3].
It has been suggested that .... [1-3]
It has conclusively been shown that .... [1-3]
Previous research has shown that….. [2]
Studies have found that …. [1-3].
More recent studies have confirmed that …. [1-3]

Time frame references
In 1975, Author et al. published a paper in which they described ....[4]
In 1990 Author et al. demonstrated that .... [4]
Thirty years later, Author reported that .... [4]
In the 1970s Author pointed that …. [4]
In 1981, Author and co workers demonstrated that.... [4]
In 1990, Author et al. reported.... [4]
In 1984 Author et al. Concluded that .... [4]

Author as subject
Author identifies ....
Author lists three possibilities....
Author traces the development of ....
Author provides in-depth analysis of the work of ....
Author highlights the need to....
Author discusses the challenges and strategies for ....
Author mentions the siginificant relationship between ....
Author questions whether ....
Author argued that/the ….
Author carried out numerical study of ….
Author describes ….
Author discovered ….
Author found that ….
Author has demonstrated that ....
Author have proposed ….
Author indicated that ….
Author investigated on….
Author investigated the ....
Author measured the ….
Author noted that ....
Author observed that ….
Author posited that ….
Author proposed ….
Author raised several concerns about …. They suggested that….
Author reported that/the ....
Author researched the ….
Author showed … .
Author studied ….
Author suggested that ....
Author summarized that ....
Author presented ....
Author extended this work to ….
Author presented a comprehensive review of ….
Author performed experimental investigations on …
Author performed numerical analysis of …
Author analyzed ….
Author studied the … Their analysis revealed that ….
Author reviewed the available literature on …

Research topic as subject
…, such as the works of Author et al.
were carried out by Author.
was done by Author
were investigated by Author.
was attemted by Author
… is analyzed by Author

For example, Author found that….
Recently, Author gave a comprehensive review on ….
In a different study, Author examined….
In another study, Author examined ....
Another studies by Author....
According to Author….
According to an investigation by Author, ….
The study by Author examined the ….
A study by Author suggests there should be ...
As highlighted by Author, ….
According to Author, ....
Study by Author found that ….
…. model was used by Author to do research on ….
…. model was used by Author to predict ….
The study of Author was the ….
With the same objective, Author conducted numerical experiments on …..
More recently, Author investigated ….
Early studies by Author ….

Highlighting similar findings
The research study by Author also found ....
Author also found that ....
Furthermore, Author concluded that ....
Furthermore, Author showed that ....
In addition, according to Author …
In addition, Author showed that …
The finding is consistent with findings of past studies by Author, which ....
The above finding is consistent with the study by Author. Author examined…
Research finding by Author also points towards..
…is consistent with literature [4].
Similarly, Author found …
Author added that the …..
This is supported by Author study which reveal that …..
Author also provided ...
.... and found similar results to those obtained by Author.
In addition to work of Author A, Author B provides …
..... by Author also showed similar results.
This is consistent with the …. of Author, which showed that ....

For more information...feel free to visit this homepage: 

Structure of Research

Overview of Research Process

For new postgraduate students.... here are the overview of research process that you should know....... Its begin with preliminary data gathering, identifying research problem, identify RQ & RO..... read a lot of journals everyday and write literature review.... setup your framework...research design.... Then continue to analysis part until the end....

Research Process

Flow of research process

We Remember

Hi all... i already complete my phd (GOT)... just want to share this slide....

Friday, May 31, 2013

Conference Alert!

Asian Conference in Education and Technology (ACET 2013)
July 24-26, 2013

You are invited to participate in the 2013 Asian Conference in Education and Technology (ACET) in Seoul, South Korea. The Conference will be held from July 24-26, 2013 at the Renaissance Seoul Hotel, Seoul, South Korea. Successful conferences of IAMURE had been staged at the Marco Polo Hotel, Davao City; JW Marriott Hotel, Jakarta, Indonesia; Marina Bay Sands Convention Centre, Singapore; JW Marriott Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand; Marco Polo Plaza Cebu, Cebu City Philippines; Renaissance Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Seoul is the largest city and the capital of the Republic of South Korea. As the cultural, economic and political epicenter of the country, nearly half of South Koreans live in Seoul. It is also home to major commercial companies such as Samsung, LG and Hyundai. Additionally, Seoul has hosted important global events, including the 1986 Asian Games, 1998 Summer Olympics and 2002 FIFA World Cup and will host the G-20 Summit in November 2010. The city of Seoul cherishes its heritage and carefully maintains its historical monuments, royal palaces and temples. In addition, Seoul is a city on the move, constantly revitalizing itself, balancing ultra-modern renewal with careful restoration of its ancient buildings and preservation of the environment. The mountains surrounding Seoul are breathtaking and the Han River flowing through the center of the city offers scenic recreational escapes. Here in Seoul, you will find a harmony of the past and present, history and future, culture, economy and environment. Seoul is a global city that blends the culture of yesterday with the trends of today and the hopes of tomorrow.

Visit our website at for a detailed call for papers and additional information.

The theme of the ACET 2013 is "Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education in Asia and Beyond the Borders." The objectives of the conference are to: (1) provide a forum for professional and student researchers across the world as means for dissemination and utilization of high impact education and technology researches; (2) nourish collaborations among researchers and institutions in the promotion and production of researches; (3) recognize meritorious contributions of world researchers and institutions; and, (4) promote quality research publications as credible sources of scientific literature.

Participants will know latest discoveries in research, forge collaborations with researchers abroad, and will get cross-pollinated. They will experience the beauty and grandeur of Seoul, South Korea as an emerging powerful city. The ACET 2013 gives due recognition to great achievements of individuals and institutions in the production, promotion, utilization, and commercialization of research. These awards include: Outstanding World Researcher, Outstanding World Research Leader, Outstanding World Journal Editor, Outstanding World Peer Reviewer, Outstanding World Research Program, Outstanding World Research Journal, Outstanding ISO Certified Research Organization, Outstanding World R and D Research.

Only those who have valid passports expiring beyond six months, have capability to pay, and determined to attend must apply. We do not provide scholarships/funds for presenters.

Effective Teaching Pedagogies, Learning Styles and Learning Outcomes, Technology-based Instructions, Emerging Technologies, Educational Management, ISO Certification of Schools, Engineering and Sciences Research

Streams and journals that we will publish: IAMURE International Journal of Education, Business and Management, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology; Science and Clinical Laboratory; Social Science, Animal Ecology, Plant Ecology, Terrestrial Ecology, Aquatic Ecology, Marine Ecology, Molecular Biology, Ecology and Conservation (Thomson Reuters listed), and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies. These journals are online, cross-referenced with DOI, indexed, ISO Certified 9001:2008 and globally circulated.

Our journals are indexed by international agencies such as Thomson Reuters (ISI); Public Knowledge Project, a consortium of Simon Fraser University Library, the School of Education of Stanford University, and the British Columbia University, Canada; E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium; Philippine E-Journals; Google Scholar; Scholastica; Open Access Journals; Index Copernicus; Proquest; Researchgate; Lacriee of France; and University Library of Leipzig in Germany. Our journal contributors have membership with for their open researcher and contributors ID which signals the world status of a researcher's inclusion of track record of publications in the ORCID database. The organizer is also a member of CrossRef USA that aims to facilitate linking, citation tracking, and cross-referencing using Digital Object Identifier

Submission for presentation consideration: June 15, 2013
Regular registration and payment: June 15, 2013
Award and proceedings submissions: June 20, 2013
Final payment deadline: June 25, 2013

Detailed Call for Papers:
Submissions for presentation consideration:
Venue Information:
General inquiries:

Submit a 200-word abstract with five parts: (1) introduction of the topic; (2) chief purpose; (3) methods; (4) results; and (5) conclusion with keywords having four parts: (1) discipline of the study; (2) concepts investigated; (3) methods and process, (4) geography (country/continent). It must be accompanied by updated curriculum vitae (for awards purposes only), photocopy of passport, 2x2 photo, ORCID number from, name of institution, and institution logo, and flag of country and email to Early submissions are greatly appreciated. All submissions must be in Microsoft Word.

All attending participants must register and pay the registration fee. Conference registration is US$ 775 for presenting and non-presenting attendees. Accepted papers will be peer-reviewed and published in IAMURE International Journals. There is a USD 100 for each additional paper for presentation (maximum of two per presenter). A USD 50 late fee applies for registration fees received after the regular payment deadline. If your payment is not received on the final payment deadline, your participation will be cancelled. A charge invoice shall be issued to facilitate your request for payment. A copy of the payment slip must be emailed to the organizer as basis for the release of acceptance letter.

Application for visa and payment of all visa application charges (depending on your country of origin) shall be the sole responsibility of the participant. For security purposes, we will issue acceptance letter (one of the requirements for visa application) only after payment of registration fee has been made.

IAMURE Multidisciplinary Research is an international organization of research institutions and researchers in over 50 countries. It is an ISO 9001:2008 certified organization by AJA Registrars, Inc. IAMURE organizes international conferences, publishes academic journals, performs journal evaluation, and designs and conducts research training. IAMURE provides a world platform for researchers and give recognition to outstanding achievements.
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How to select appropriate statistical test?

Dear all phd student...just want to share this important file....

Sunday, March 24, 2013

JIRD ( Journal Of International Relations and Development)

Besides MERLOT, there is another place to publish your journals.....

JIRD ( Journal Of International Relations and Development)

JIRD is an independent and internationally peer-reviewed journal in international relations and international political economy. It publishes articles on contemporary world politics and the global political economy from a variety of methodologies and approaches.

The journal, whose history goes back to 1984, was originally established to encourage scholarly publications by authors coming from Central/Eastern Europe. In the late 1990s the journal was refounded as the official journal of the Central and East European International Studies Association (CEEISA), implementing a rigorous peerreview system and opening its pages to submissions from all scholars, regardless of
regional affiliation. JIRD is a global journal with regional roots.

JIRD seeks original manuscripts that provide theoretically informed empirical analyses of issues in international relations and international political economy, as well as original theoretical or conceptual analyses.

Feel free to visit this url to get more information: